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Scientific & Technological Achievements of I.R. of Iran  - (Oct. - Nov.2014)

 This issue contains

 Scientists of Iran Apply Nanotechnology to Produce Surgery Suture

  • Researchers make plasma jet to treat diabetic ulcers
  • Iran develops nano filter to prevent aquatic organisms’ diseases
  • Iranian, Malaysian Scientists Study Nanophotocatalysts for Water Purification
  • NIOC develops new software
  • Iranian innovator wins gold in ARCA 2014 Zagreb
  • Khaje Nasir Toosi University develops FML
  • Iranian scientist develops Nano-organic Fertilizer
  • Production of Biocompatible Polymers in Iran
  • Iran makes herbal-based detergents by nano-tech
  • Scientists of Iran make SPF eggs
  • Iran uses humanoid robots for children’s cancer treatment
  • Iranian researcher develops liquorice anti-pigmentation lotion
  • Polymeric Scaffold Recreates Bladder Tissue
  • Iranian develops nervous reaction time measuring device
  • Isfahan University develops biomedical composite
  • Scientists Study Antibacterial Effects of Zinc Oxide in Sanitary Places
  • Iran develops first nano air freshener
  • Researchers of Iran make absorbent for oil derivatives organic pollutants
  • Iranians develop EGF for the first time
  • Researcher makes essence extraction machine
  • Iran develops nano filter to prevent aquatic organisms’ diseases
  • Researchers improve oil sorbent efficiency
  • Iranian Scientist cuts x-ray harmful effects

 

 

Scientists of Iran Apply Nanotechnology to Produce Surgery Suture

Iranian researchers from Isfahan University of Technology used nanotechnology to produce surgery suture.The suture is biodegradable and has been produced and tested at laboratorial scale and is made of nanofibers. Since strength is one of the most important characteristics of sutures, the properties of the suture were modified by designing stabilization system and by studying the stabilization conditions. Results of the research have been published in Fibers and Polymers, vol. 15, issue 1, 2014, pp. 71-77.[1]

Researchers make plasma jet to treat diabetic ulcers

Researchers at the Plasma Physics Research Center affiliated to the Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, have developed a plasma jet to treat diabetic ulcers. Results of the study showed that plasma favors the healing process and there is scientific evidence regarding favorable outcomes of the use of plasma for the treatment of diabetic ulcer. Animal studies were successful and clinical trials will be launched in the near future.[2]

Iran develops Nano filter to prevent aquatic organisms’ diseases

Ali Jouhari, the Iranian researcher has come up with the idea of developing a silver nanoparticles filter to prevent and control diseases in aquatic organisms. In this Procedure, he has indirectly made use of silver nanoparticles in the form of water filters to prevent the outbreak and spread of a variety of fungal and bacterial diseases in aquaculture farms. This method will increase the survival rate as well as boost the breeders’ profits and using silver nanoparticles completely eliminates the need for antibiotics and other chemical drugs in aquaculture. This nano filter can be used for domestic and commercial aquarium water purification systems.[3]

Iranian, Malaysian Scientists Study Nanophotocatalysts for Water Purification

Researchers from Iran University of Science and Technology in association with their colleagues from Advanced Materials Research Center in Malaysia produced a new photocatalyst with very high efficiency to eliminate water pollutions. Results of the research have been published in Ceramics International, vol. 40, issue 8, Part A, 2014, pp. 11525-11532.[4]

NIOC develops new software

The National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) has designed and developed a software program named Pars Plant by using advanced information technology (AIT) and in cooperation with a private company. This software program can be used in processing units of oil, gas and petrochemical industries, power plants, industrial units, administrative and commercial centers and hospitals especially in preparing As-Built maps. Swiftness, accuracy, quality and the capabilities of Pars Plant software are among the advantages of the program when compared with similar foreign programs, while its training and running is easier. Saving millions of dollars and opening a window towards exports of technical and engineering services are the other benefits of the software. The software is also applicable in management and protecting information, repairs and maintenance and drawing works.[5]

Iranian innovator wins gold in ARCA 2014 Zagreb

Innovator from Tabriz has won the gold medal in WIPO’s ARCA 2014 in Zagreb, Croatia. Innovation by Farhad Sheidaei, researcher and University of Tabriz lecturer, ‘smart energy saving mobile wire in home appliances connected to PC and TV,’ has been awarded gold medal in the ceremony. ARCA 2014 is sponsored by Croatian Science and Economics, and World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and other organizations and innovators from 17 countries participated.[6]

Khaje Nasir Toosi University develops FML

Researchers at Smart Materials and Structures Research Center affiliated to Khaje Nasir Toosi University of Technology have developed fiber metal laminates (FML). Taking advantage of the hybrid nature from their two key constituents: metals (mostly aluminum) and fiber-reinforced laminate, these composites offer several advantages such as better damage tolerance to fatigue crack growth and impact damage, especially for aircraft applications.[7]

 

Iranian scientist develops Nano-organic Fertilizer

Hassan Karami, the Iranian scientist has developed an organic fertilizer by utilizing nanotechnology, which is highly effective in enhancing the quality of agricultural products, increasing yield and greatly improves the taste of products as well. It also increases the duration of the crop yield and the bushes cold tolerance. The results have determined that this type of fertilizer does not have any adverse environmental effects.[8]

Production of Biocompatible Polymers in Iran

Iranian researchers from Isfahan University of Technology succeeded in the production of degradable and non-toxic polymers. The proposed product is a nanostructure and has applications in the production of drug carriers and tissue engineering due to its desirable biological properties. The polymer has been produced and investigated at laboratorial scale. Results of the research have been published in Polymer Bulletin, vol. 71, issue 8, 2014, pp. 2159-2172.[9]

Iran makes herbal-based detergents by nano-tech

Researchers in an Iranian company have produced herbal-based detergents using nanotechnology. The new product is made naturally and without any alcohol. It also holds long-lasting effect, increasing its cleanness quality multifold comparing to other chemical material. Using the product speeds up cleaning the surfaces and objects. The company would make different types of detergents for toddlers clothing, liquids and cleaners to be used for different surfaces and glass.[10]

Scientists of Iran make SPF eggs

After three years of research, scientists at Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute in Karaj, Alborz province, have developed Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) Eggs. The eggs can be used in veterinary and human vaccine production. This product will be marketed by mid-March 2015.[11]

 

Iran uses humanoid robots for children’s cancer treatment

Sharif University of Technology researchers have tested the impact of using social humanoid robots as therapy assistive tools in treating cancers in children and dealing with pediatric distress. The robots were programmed and employed as a robotic assistant to a psychologist in eight intervention sessions. The robots help reduce anger, depression and anxiety, and increase appetite in children with cancer. Results of the study are beneficial to psychologists, oncologists and robot specialists. [12]

Iranian researcher develops liquorice anti-pigmentation lotion

An Iranian scientist has developed a lotion from liquorice that can prevent skin pigmentation disorders. When the skin cells become damaged (by variety of environmental damage such as air pollution and the harmful rays), it produces too much melanin which causes the skin to get darker. The special enzyme in liquorice cream affects the production of pigments and so prevents blemishes to break out on the skin. This cream has no side effect and can be safely used by pregnant women too. It has also physical sunscreen properties as opposed to chemical and this property can easily ward off harmful sun rays.[13]

Polymeric Scaffold Recreates Bladder Tissue

Iranian researchers from Isfahan University of Technology in association with researchers from Sweden studied the application of polymeric scaffolds to recreate bladder tissue. The scaffolds have desirable mechanical and biological properties at the same time, and due to the existence of the bladder tissue at tiny scale instead of cell, they do not require cell extraction or culture. Results of the research have been published in Biomaterials, vol. 35, issue 22, 2014, pp. 5741-5748.[14]

Iranian develops nervous reaction time measuring device

A researcher at Amir Kabir University has developed a device which measures the nervous system reaction time to monitor the progress of neurological diseases. The device conducts 8 tests on the patient and can be used in physical education centers, rehabilitation centers, clinics, hospitals, critical jobs in the employment centers for sensitive occupations such as piloting, as well as child monitoring health centers.[15]

Isfahan University develops biomedical composite

Researchers at the Isfahan University of Technology have produced hydroxyapatite/alumina nanocrystalline composite powders by sol-gel process for biomedical applications such as bone implants. The composite powders are useful for biomedical applications and have porous structures.[16]

Scientists Study Antibacterial Effects of Zinc Oxide in Sanitary Places

Iranian researchers from Hamadan University of Medical Sciences studied the antibacterial effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles after their production. Results of the research have application in the production of antiseptics and in sanitary places and hospitals. The product can reduce the number of bacteria, and it can be used as an effective antiseptic to eliminate bacteria from the environment. Results of the research have been published in Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 52, issue 25-27, 2013, pp. 4969-4976.[17]

Iran develops first nano air freshener 

Reza Shakhs-Emampour, the Iranian scientist has developed a three-function nano herbal air freshener spray which neutralizes odors in the air without producing harmful gases such as butane and propane. The product is the first of its kind and is the only type of air freshener produced with nanotechnology that has no adverse environmental or allergic effect. It can help in prevention of transmitting microorganisms and can be used in the car, on shoes and even in drinks.[18]

Researchers of Iran make absorbent for oil derivatives organic pollutants

Iranian chemistry researchers have built bio-compatible absorbents, capable of taking in organic pollutants, using nano-technology. The synthesized absorbents are capable of taking in oil material and its derivates including organic pollutants. The product could be used in upstream oil projects and related petrochemical programs. It prevents release of organic pollutants in the environment and also further diseases. High speed and capacity of absorption, easy separation after absorptions of pollutants, low expense, simple synthesis, capacity of reuse and compatibility with the environment are some advantages of the device. The results of the study have been published in Polymer science: Part A, Polymer Chemistry.[19]

Iranians develop EGF for the first time

Researchers in Borna Pharmaceutical Knowledge-based Company have developed Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) for the first time in Iran. EGF has applications in skin medications, diabetes lesion treatment, and burning healing. EGF had been purchased in higher prices from foreign developers before, while the domestically developed EGF equals the foreign EGF in quality and is supplied in very low prices.[20]

Researcher makes essence extraction machine

Majid Laqa, a researcher at the Herbal Medicine Technology Development Center affiliated to Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch, has developed a machine for extracting the essence of a plant. The plant's extracts both prevent and heal damage to the liver and also helps treat cirrhosis and digestive disorders. Various other benefits of taking Silybum marianum, the plant include lowering cholesterol levels, reducing cell damage caused by radiation and chemotherapy, reducing insulin resistance in people with type 2 diabetes who also have cirrhosis, reducing the growth of cancer cells in breast, cervical and prostate cancers, and Alzheimer's disease prevention or treatment.[21]

Iran develops nano filter to prevent aquatic organisms’ diseases

Ali Jouhari, the Iranian scientist has developed a nano water filter which can prevent diseases in aquatic organisms. Many diseases among aquatic organisms are transmitted to microorganisms through contaminated water so he has indirectly made use of silver nanoparticles in the form of water filters to prevent the outbreak and spread of a variety of fungal and bacterial diseases in aquaculture farms. This method would increase the survival rate as well as boost the breeders’ profits and using silver nanoparticles completely eliminates the need for antibiotics and other chemical drugs in aquaculture. This nano filter can be used for domestic and commercial aquarium water purification systems.[22]

 

Researchers improve oil sorbent efficiency

Researchers at Sharif University of Technology have improved the efficiency of oil sorbents by using modified carbon nanotubes. The scientists have produced oil-absorbent cross-linked copolymer consisting of modified multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT), which showed high oil absorbency. The oil absorbents containing carbon nanotubes (CNT) showed the highest oil absorbency.[23]

Iranian Scientist cuts x-ray harmful effects

Iranian researcher Mahmoud Haji Babaei has eliminated the harmful effects of x-ray in angiography and angioplasty. Using X-ray in angiography and angioplasty operations led in some cases to risks and complications for the patients. Therefore, in this new method by designing and manufacturing an advanced protective coating, the physicians are immunized against the dangers of the radiation.[24]


1.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930801000307

2.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2772203

3.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/104423

4.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930801000295

5.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/81363966

6.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/104444

7.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2772396

8.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/104486

9.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930808000142

10.http://www.isna.ir/en/news/93080502497

11.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2772534

12.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2783672

13.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/104478

14.http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930805000136

15.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/104454

16.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2783780

17. http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930811000103

18.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/104506

19.http://www.isna.ir/en/news/93081808281

20.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/104528

21.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2783908

22.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/104423

23.http://www.irna.ir/en/News/2784069

24.http://en.mehrnews.com/detail/News/104567

 

 

 

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